Central Idea: Doing good. Doctrine: The Second Commandment. Practical Application: Honoring God’s name.
To see the readings, click here (Lectionary: 30).
Central Idea: We are here not to do evil, nor to do nothing, but to do good.
- God promised to make Abraham the father of a nation and to give his descendants a good land. By Moses’ time, some 400 years have gone by and the descendants of Abraham have become numerous, but not only do they not yet have a land, they are enslaved and oppressed in Egypt.
- Through Moses, God renews his promise to Abraham, asking Moses to be his instrument to lead Israel out of Egypt into the Promised Land flowing with milk and honey.
- The other extremely important thing that happens in this passage in Genesis is God’s disclosure of his name: “I AM” or, “I AM WHO AM.” In philosophical language, God not only has the fullness of being, he is BEING itself. He is the self-subsistent being, whereas we are beings who get our existence from others: our parents and God.
- God who is, is also good. The LORD is kind and merciful. In fact he possesses every quality we can identify as good in its fullness.
- St. Paul points out that the experience the Children of God in Abraham is an object lesson for the Children of God in Christ. The Church is prefigured by Israel and her sojourn in the desert. Paul testifies:
Yet God was not pleased with most of them,
for they were struck down in the desert.
These things happened as examples for us,
so that we might not desire evil things, as they did.
Do not grumble as some of them did,
and suffered death by the destroyer.
These things happened to them as an example,
and they have been written down as a warning to us.
- St. Paul is saying we, today, can also experience the bad fate of many of the children of Israel if we don’t behave ourselves.
- St. Paul is just echoing his master, Christ. We are not to think we can do whatever we want and everything will be okay. If we behave badly, we will perish.
- However, it is not enough that we just avoid doing evil. The point of the Parable of the Fig Tree is that we must bear good fruit. We must positively do good. Otherwise, we are just taking up space. For some of us the question is, when will I begin to bear good fruit?
Doctrine: The Second Commandment
You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
- In obedience to the Second Commandment, the people of Israel showed a profound respect for the holy name God revealed to Moses. Out of reverence, they would never speak or write that name, substituting a word translated into English in most Bibles as “Lord.” Even today, many Jews won’t even write the word “God,” instead inserting a dash between the two consonants: “G-d.”
- We should give God’s name — including the name of Jesus Christ — supreme respect. This respect extends to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the saints, and all holy things.
- Respect for God’s name includes oaths and vows.
- To take an oath is to call upon God as a witness to a truth or a promise. Therefore, an oath must be taken in truth, necessity, and justice.
- A vow is a promise made to God. These promises require commitment, a serious obligation, and free will in order to be valid.
- Sins against the Second Commandment include blasphemy and ridicule of the Faith.
- Christians must defend and profess faith in God’s name by reacting in a peaceful and reasonable way to sins against the Second Commandment.
Practical Application: Honoring God’s Name
- Some people show reverence for Jesus’ name by bowing their head slightly whenever they say or hear the name Jesus.
- Unfortunately, many people take God’s name in vain many times a day thoughtlessly, out of anger, or frustration, or to get a reaction.
- Some people, even children, have gotten into the habit of saying, “Oh my God!” constantly and for trivial reasons, whereas we should only say that as a prayer. We can retrain ourselves or our children to say, “Oh my gosh” or “Oh my goodness.”
- When we take God’s name in vain we can make a silent act of reparation and then bring that to confession.
- When we hear others do so, we can also make a silent act of reparation.
- Using prudence, we can also correct the other. The basic content could be something like this, “I love God very much, and when you say that, it really hurts me.” This would be a peaceful and reasonable way to react to a sin against the Second Commandment.
The Homiletic Directory offers the following Catechism points and themes for the Third Sunday of Lent:
- CCC 210, 2575-2577: God calls Moses, hears prayers of his people
- CCC 1963-1964: observance of Law prepares for conversion
- CCC 2851: evil and its works as obstacle on way of salvation
- CCC 128-130, 1094: Old Testament “types” fulfilled in New
- CCC 736, 1108-1109, 1129, 1521, 1724, 1852, 2074, 2516, 2345, 2731: bearing fruit