Central idea: The virtues of the children in God’s family. Doctrine: Family virtues. Practical Application: How to teach virtues to children.
Central idea: The virtues of the children in God’s family
Reading 1 Sir 3:2-6, 12-14
God sets a father in honor over his children;
a mother’s authority he confirms over her sons.
Whoever honors his father atones for sins,
and preserves himself from them.
When he prays, he is heard;
he stores up riches who reveres his mother.
Whoever honors his father is gladdened by children,
and, when he prays, is heard.
Whoever reveres his father will live a long life;
he who obeys his father brings comfort to his mother.
My son, take care of your father when he is old;
grieve him not as long as he lives.
Even if his mind fail, be considerate of him;
revile him not all the days of his life;
kindness to a father will not be forgotten,
firmly planted against the debt of your sins
—a house raised in justice to you.
- We children, whether young or old, can preserve ourselves from sinning and atone for the sins we do commit by honoring our fathers and mothers.
- An even better reason to honor our fathers and mothers is because it is the order God has placed in human nature based in love. Out of love, they brought us into the world. Out of love, they cared for us when we were helpless. Out of love, they taught us the faith. Out of love, they have always done the best they could.
- We child who appreciates this and live accordingly will have a much happier life.
- Parents, however, make mistakes and sin. Over time, when we become stronger than them, we don’t turn the tables and take revenge. Besides being wrong in itself, the revenge will turn back on us and we will receive harm.
Responsorial Psalm Ps 128:1-2, 3, 4-5
R. Blessed are those who fear the Lord and walk in his ways.
Blessed is everyone who fears the LORD,
who walks in his ways!
For you shall eat the fruit of your handiwork;
blessed shall you be, and favored.
Your wife shall be like a fruitful vine
in the recesses of your home;
your children like olive plants
around your table.
Behold, thus is the man blessed
who fears the LORD.
The LORD bless you from Zion:
may you see the prosperity of Jerusalem
all the days of your life.
- This psalm describes the blessings God ordinarily gives to the family that is in a right relationship with him. The blessings are described from the father’s perspective.
- To ‘fear the Lord’ or ‘walk in his ways’ means to cooperate with God’s grace to be a child of God who never wants to offend his perfectly good and loving Father. The requirement of being a good human father, then, is first being a good son of God the Father.
- The blessings for the father are fruitful work, a fruitful wife, and many healthy children. And, from the sum total of many families, the blessing is “the prosperity of Jerusalem,” or a fruitful society.
Reading 2 Col 3:12-21
Brothers and sisters:
Put on, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved,
heartfelt compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience,
bearing with one another and forgiving one another,
if one has a grievance against another;
as the Lord has forgiven you, so must you also do.
And over all these put on love,
that is, the bond of perfection.
And let the peace of Christ control your hearts,
the peace into which you were also called in one body.
And be thankful.
Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly,
as in all wisdom you teach and admonish one another,
singing psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs
with gratitude in your hearts to God.
And whatever you do, in word or in deed,
do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus,
giving thanks to God the Father through him.
Wives, be subordinate to your husbands,
as is proper in the Lord.
Husbands, love your wives,
and avoid any bitterness toward them.
Children, obey your parents in everything,
for this is pleasing to the Lord.
Fathers, do not provoke your children,
so they may not become discouraged.
- At the end of this reading, St. Paul comments on three virtues for the family. Within the mutual submission of God’s children—“Be subject to one another out of reverence for Christ” (Eph 5:21)—Paul reminds the husband to love, the wife to submit, and the children to obey.
- But before this, St. Paul sets out the cornucopia of virtues everyone in the family should learn and practice: Compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness, patience, forbearance, forgiveness, love, peace, thankfulness, religious practice and instruction, and love for God.
- In this environment it is not hard to love, to submit, and to obey.
Gospel Mt 2:13-15, 19-23
When the magi had departed, behold,
the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said,
“Rise, take the child and his mother, flee to Egypt,
and stay there until I tell you.
Herod is going to search for the child to destroy him.”
Joseph rose and took the child and his mother by night
and departed for Egypt.
He stayed there until the death of Herod,
that what the Lord had said through the prophet might be fulfilled,
Out of Egypt I called my son.
When Herod had died, behold,
the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream
to Joseph in Egypt and said,
“Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel,
for those who sought the child’s life are dead.”
He rose, took the child and his mother,
and went to the land of Israel.
But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over Judea
in place of his father Herod,
he was afraid to go back there.
And because he had been warned in a dream,
he departed for the region of Galilee.
He went and dwelt in a town called Nazareth,
so that what had been spoken through the prophets
might be fulfilled,
He shall be called a Nazorean.
- Joseph is “a just man” (Mt 1:19). This means he gives everyone, beginning with God and then those closest to him, what he owes them. Joseph’s justice or responsibility is governed by his supernatural prudence, that is, his grace-inspired sound decision-making. While a Catholic father today usually exercises prudence by consulting the teachings of the Church for all religious and moral matters and right reason for all practical ones, Joseph’s council came from dreams in which God instructed him through angelic messages.
- His prudence in the case of the threat of Herod’s murderous wrath meant acting immediately: “Joseph rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed for Egypt.”
- Later his prudence was shown in courage. Courage is not always acting despite fear. Sometimes courage means taking a healthy fear into account by not being reckless. Joseph thought it would be foolhardy to return to Judah where another tyrant ruled.
- Through his virtuous obedience to God’s will, Joseph also fulfilled messianic prophecies.
- Out of Egypt I called my son. The nation of Israel fled to Egypt to escape the death of famine and then was called back out if Egypt to the Promised Land of Israel. Jesus, too, fled to Egypt to escape murder and later was called back to Israel. And so, it came true that “Out of Egypt I called my son.” While this prophecy properly refers to Christ, it is also a compliment to Joseph. God the Father is calling Joseph his son, too.
- He shall be called a Nazorean. Similarly, in settling in the safe region of Galilee in the town of Nazareth, the prophecy was fulfilled that “He shall be called a Nazorean.”
Doctrine: Family Virtues
- If our family is to be a holy family like the Holy Family of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph, then all the members should practice all the virtues, assisted by grace. So the virtues these readings present are for everyone.
- Sirach points out the virtue of giving honor, which includes reverence, obedience, and care.
- The Psalmist praises the virtue of fear of the Lord.
- St. Paul extols the virtues of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness, patience, forbearance, forgiveness, love of neighbor, peace, thankfulness, religion, and love of God.
- Matthew credits Joseph with the virtues of prudence, courage, and obedience.
- In the family, one’s role, age, and situation indicate how one exercises these virtues.
- Each family member who is of sufficient maturity can focus on the virtues that seem most necessary.
- For example, a husband without children, a husband with minor children, and a husband with aged parents and grown children might probably need some virtues more than others.
Practical Application: How to Teach Virtues to Children
- Parents can teach virtues to their children in three ways.
- The first way is by example. Young children naturally model themselves on their parents’ behavior.
- This way is the easiest for children because they are natural imitators. But this way is the hardest for parents, because parents must live the virtues they are to be examples of.
- The second way is by training. You give children tasks, show them how to do them, coach them through them, and then repeat this process until habits are formed.
- A practical problem here is that when children are the most eager to do whatever tasks their parents give them, they are the least capable of doing anything, and when they are quite capable of doing the tasks their parents want, they least want to do them! So, the prime years for giving guided practice in the home are probably between six and twelve, because children can do things and are still eager to do them.
- The third way is word or instruction. This is the last and least effective method of teaching virtues to children, because the instruction can easily go in one ear and out the other. Long lectures on what responsibility is and why it is important may have no effect. But making kids take the trash out every day after dinner, because it is their assigned responsibility which benefits the family, could be effective, since it combines word and practice.
- Is it absurd that we have gone from the virtues God extolls and that the Holy Family practiced to taking out the garbage? Not at all, since love, which is the highest virtue, is shown by concrete acts, the humbler the better.
- We are God’s children, so we should behave accordingly by living virtues. We have a model for this in the Holy Family of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph.